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Today, May 1st, is the start of Melanoma Awareness Month

We talk about the risk factors of the disease, signs, methods of diagnosis and prevention. Melanoma is a malignant neoplasm of the skin. One of the most dangerous diseases among all skin cancers, as it spreads through lymph and blood to almost all organs. The tumor is localized mostly in the skin, much less often - in the retina of the eye, on the mucous membranes (oral and nasal cavity, perianal and vulvovaginal areas), etc. In 50-70% of cases, melanoma of the skin occurs in the area of a pigment spot or birthmark. Among the main risk factors for the development of melanoma are the following: light skin, light hair and light eyes. At the same time, the risk of melanoma formation increases depending on the place of residence: the closer to the equator, the higher the probability of its occurrence; swallows and red hair; a large number of birthmarks; skin phototypes I-II; melanoma in family history; severe sunburns in childhood; large congenital pigmented birthmarks. artificial tanning; PUVA therapy (from the English Psoralen+UltraViolet A, treatment with long-wave ultraviolet radiation and psoralens). Signs of possible transformation of nevi (moles) into melanoma are: appearance in unpleasant sensations in the area of the nevus (tingling, itching, pain); change in color (acquiring a blue or black color); change in the shape of the nevus, its edges, increase in size; change in the surface (increase above the level of the skin, the appearance of lumpiness or the appearance of wetting, bleeding). If there are changes in the area of the mole or signs that may indicate melanoma, contact your doctor immediately. In no case do not self-medicate. What should you pay attention to when self-diagnosing nevi? How to prevent the detection of melanoma? Read the full material on our website:

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